INFLAMMATION OF THE VOICE BOX (LARYNGITIS)

Definition:
Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the larynx, generally involving the vocal cords.

Causes / trigger:
Frequently occurring with the common cold, mostly caused by viruses. However, also possibly due to excessive exposure to smoke, consumption of alcohol, overuse of the voice, industrial and car exhaust fumes as well as substances that irritate the mucous membranes.

Symptoms / signs / effects:
Hoarseness, a tickling, scratchy or dry feel to the throat, compulsive clearing of the throat, painful dry cough. With severe infections also fever, fatigue, difficulty in swallowing, pain in the larynx and sore throat.

Diagnosis:

  • Laryngoscopy

Treatment:

  • Patients should rest their voice, only speak when necessary and not smoke
  • Compresses for the throat, warm (not hot) drinks
  • Inhalation of saline solution
  • Glucocorticoids with severe swelling of the mucous membrane
  • Antibiotics (after testing)