General term for constriction of the upper airways due to infection, e.g. laryngitis with a dry barking cough and narrowing of the trachea below the vocal cords. Occurrence mostly among children between 6 months and 5 years.

Causes / trigger:
Infection of the upper airway caused by typical pathogens such as common cold or influenza viruses.

Symptoms / signs / effects:

  • Dry, rough, barking cough and hoarseness
  • A rasping sound, particularly when breathing in
  • Pallor, changes in the blood circulation, acute breathlessness


  • Based on the typical symptoms


  • Intake of fluids and cold, damp air
  • Administration of corticosteroids in the form of suppositories or inhalation
  • With severe cases inhalation of adrenalin and corticosteroids as well as administration of oxygen in hospital