The typical signs of asthma can be described as follows: Attacks of breathlessness that usually occur at night. There can be wheezing or humming sounds, mainly when a person breathes out. Some people with asthma have a persistent cough. Others have no shortness of breath but a sense of extreme tightness in the chest or pain when they breathe in cold air.
Up to the age of 14, boys are more commonly affected by asthma than girls but the ratio reverses after this age. In some two-thirds of asthma cases the disease starts before the age of five. In about half of these children the asthma disappears before they are seven or over the course of puberty. The other half develops a chronic disease. Unfortunately, asthma symptoms are all too often overlooked in children. It is recommended that parents take their child to see a specialist if they suspect that he or she has asthma.
Many people with asthma underestimate the role they themselves can play in their therapy. Get educated about asthma! Asthma self-management education is essential to provide you with the skills necessary to control asthma and improve their outcomes.
The more you know about asthma, the better you can manage it. Self-help groups and patient training are a good way to find out more about how best to deal with asthma. Other people with asthma can also help by sharing day-to-day experiences, such as keeping asthma diaries and having an asthma action plan for emergencies.
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