Definition of Sinusitis:
Inflammation of the sinuses, frequently caused by bacteria. The disease might become chronically.
Causes/trigger of Sinusitis:
Blockage of the sinuses causes secretions to build up there and prevents them from draining away. This encourages bacteria to multiply, sometimes causing the mucous membrane to become inflamed. Blockage of the sinuses may be due to the following:
- Swelling of mucous membrane with colds and allergies
- Deviated septum
- Polyps in the nose
Symptoms/signs/effects of Sinusitis:
- Headache or a feeling of pressure in the head
- A cold, mucus sometimes containing pus
- With severe cases, fever, fatigue and visual disturbances
Diagnosis of Sinusitis:
Examination of the nose from inside using a rhinoscope. With mucus containing pus a swab test to identify germs. X-ray, ultrasound or CT scan.
Treatment of Sinusitis:
Use of drugs to reduce the swelling of the mucous membranes as well as medication to control the mucus, nose sprays, nasal solutions and inhalations with 0.9% saline solution or brine. Antibiotics are prescribed with severe symptoms.
Chronic sinusitis of Sinusitis:
In addition to the above, surgery may be necessary, e.g. to straighten the septum, enlarge the passageways of the sinuses or remove polyps.