RHINITIS (COMMON COLD)
Definition of Rhinitis:
Acute inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose, generally caused by viruses, resulting in swelling which makes it difficult or impossible to breathe through the nose.
Causes/trigger of Rhinitis:
Viruses transmitted via droplet infection or indirect contact (handkerchiefs, shaking hands, etc.). In the course of the illness a secondary bacterial infection may occur.
Symptoms/signs/effects of Rhinitis:
- Itchy nose, sneezing, nose feeling sore or obstructed, burning feeling in the nose
- Nose becoming increasingly blocked, culminating in a watery secretion from the nose
- "Red nose" and watering eyes
- With a bacterial infection: a green-yellow tinge to the mucus from the nose (which is now thicker and contains pus)
Diagnosis of Rhinitis:
Investigation of the patient's previous history and examination of the nose and pharynx.
Treatment of Rhinitis:
- Medication designed to reduce the swelling of the mucous membrane
- Inhalation of NaCl, brine
- Nasal solutions
- Patients should take in plenty of fluids to make sure mucus remains watery
- With a bacterial secondary infection administration of antibiotics