PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA

Definition of Pulmonary emphysema emphysema
Long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath due to over-inflation of the alveoli (air sacs in the lung).
:

Abnormal distension of the lung with air due to irreversible damage to the alveoli alveoli
The pulmonary alveoli are the terminal ends of the respiratory tree.
. With chronic emphysema emphysema
Long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath due to over-inflation of the alveoli (air sacs in the lung).
the tissue of the affected areas becomes less elastic through permanent overinflation. This is irreversible, and the result is irreparable damage to the alveoli alveoli
The pulmonary alveoli are the terminal ends of the respiratory tree.
and their membranes.

Causes/trigger
of Pulmonary emphysema emphysema
Long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath due to over-inflation of the alveoli (air sacs in the lung).
:

As a disease pulmonary emphysema emphysema
Long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath due to over-inflation of the alveoli (air sacs in the lung).
is often the consequence of chronic bronchitis bronchitis
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi, the larger and medium-sized air passages of the lung.
in smokers.

Symptoms/signs/effects of Pulmonary emphysema emphysema
Long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath due to over-inflation of the alveoli (air sacs in the lung).
:

  • Breathlessness
  • Cough and sputum sputum
    Sputum is mucus that is coughed up from the lower airways.
    over many years
  • Barrel-shaped chest as the muscles of the chest remain in the inhalation position
  • Changes occurring in the lung tissue puts a strain on the right-hand side of the heart. In severe cases this may result in heart failure.

Diagnosis of Pulmonary emphysema emphysema
Long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath due to over-inflation of the alveoli (air sacs in the lung).
:

Pulmonary function test, X-ray examination and ECG

Treatment
of Pulmonary emphysema emphysema
Long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath due to over-inflation of the alveoli (air sacs in the lung).
:

  • To slow down the disease and exploit the reserves still available.
  • When occurring in conjunction with bronchial asthma asthma
    Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory airway disease, characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm.
    or COPD administration of drugs designed to dilate the airways as well as antibiotics when the sputum sputum
    Sputum is mucus that is coughed up from the lower airways.
    contains pus.
  • Respiratory therapy
  • In severe cases long-term oxygen therapy is necessary.
  • In the advanced stages of the disease the only option is a lung transplant.