Definition of Bronchial asthma:
Chronical inflammation of the airway with hypersensitivity of the bronchi and airway constriction.
Causes/trigger of Bronchial asthma:
Possibly triggered by allergens (e.g. pollen, dust, animal hair, moulds, certain foods), physical exertion and other stimuli (e.g. tobacco smoke, cold/dry air, dust) as well as inflammation of the airway caused by viruses or bacteria.
Symptoms/signs/effects of Bronchial asthma:
- Attacks of respiratory distress and breathlessness
- Whistling, hissing sound when breathing out (wheezing)
- Attacks of coughing, especially at night, producing a viscous glassy mucus
Diagnosis of Bronchial asthma:
- Pulmonary function test
- Provocation test
- Immunological diagnosis
- Skin prick test
Treatment of Bronchial asthma:
Use of bronchodilatory and anti-inflammatory drugs as well as anti-allergic agents with allergic asthma and where appropriate, medication to control mucus (mucolytics).