Definition of Acute bronchitis:
Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi.
Causes/trigger of Acute bronchitis:
This may be triggered off by a virus infection which has spread to the mucous membrane during a cold. Another cause may be bacteria often occurring during/after infection with a virus or fungi, especially when the immune system is weakened (e.g. people infected with HIV).
Symptoms/signs/effects of Acute bronchitis:
- Tickle in the throat that is often painful
- Coughing up increased amounts of mucus
- Frequently fever, fatigue or general malaise
Diagnosis of Acute bronchitis:
Initially investigation of the patient's previous history and symptoms as well as tapping and listening to the lung with a stethoscope.
Treatment of Acute bronchitis:
Use of drugs to control mucus (mucolytics), to relieve coughing (antitussives) and where appropriate, medication to dilate the bronchi (sympathomimetics) as well as antibiotics.