FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ)

Application

Can adults also use the PARI JuniorBOY SX compressor for nebulising?

Yes, in general one compressor can be used for inhaling by several patients. In this case, however, it should be ensured that each patient uses his or her own nebuliser. PARI offers several different nebuliser systems, all of which are adapted to the anatomy of the airways.

In order to treat the lower airways effectively, it is important to create a droplet spectrum that is appropriate for the respective age group and target areas. Normally, an adult would use the LC SPRINT Nebuliser (blue nozzle insert) for inhaling. But the correct nebuliser is determined not only by the patient's age but also by the indication. Some medications should ideally be deposited in the peripheral regions of the lungs, others in the central region. The choice of the most suitable nebuliser therefore depends on the lung region in which treatment is to be concentrated. The nebulisers produce progressively finer aerosols, starting with the LC SPRINT Junior Nebuliser (yellow nozzle insert) and ending with the LC SPRINT STAR Nebuliser (red nozzle insert). If one is targeting the peripheral regions of the lungs, and/or if the patient's airways are severely obstructed, the PARI LC SPRINT Junior Nebuliser or LC SPRINT STAR Nebuliser may be capable of providing treatment more efficiently for an adult than the LC SPRINT Nebuliser.

Does continuous nebulising not cause too much medication to go to waste?

The continuous nebulisers from PARI (LC SPRINT and LC PLUS family) are equipped with a valve system that helps to reduce loss of medication significantly. It is most important to keep the mouthpiece in the mouth when breathing out. Inhaling with these nebulisers is very easy, since the nebulising process does not have to be synchronised with the breathing rhythm for them.

Does the BABY Bend always have to be used with the baby mask?

Yes, when the baby mask is used for inhaling, it is essential to use the BABY Bend as well, because the baby mask does not have an expiratory valve. This means that if the mask fits tightly, the baby cannot exhale. The slots in the BABY Bend enable the used air to be exhaled.

From what age is the PEAK FLOW METER recommended for adults?

A standard measurement scale has been used for the children's and the adults' PEAK FLOW METER for several years. Consequently, the measurement scale does not need to be adjusted to account for age. However, adults' PEAK FLOW METERs have a wider mouthpiece. Above a certain age, this can make it easier to take peak flow measurements.

Is it normal for the connection tubing on the device to become very warm, even hot?

All PARI compressors generate a certain amount of heat during normal use. The currently applicable standard DIN EN 60601-1 Part 1 for medical electrical equipment defines requirements regarding maximum permissible temperatures for electrically powered medical products. The corresponding tests on our devices were conducted by an external, accredited test laboratory. All of our compressors meet the specifications of the standard cited above.

Is it possible to inhale essential oils with a PARI BOY?

Most manufacturers of essential oils recommend to add a few drops to a bowl of hot water and to drape with a towel. However, a nebulisation is technically feasible with all PARI nebulisers, PARI SOLE as a special nebuliser for the upper airways would be the most appropriate device. Some important aspects should be considered for inhalation therapy with essential oils:

  • Preparations that contain menthol, campher or cineol might lead to laryngospasms in infants and children under 2 years.
  • Patients with asthma asthma
    Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory airway disease, characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm.
    or other airway diseases with pronounced underlying airway hyperreactivity might experience breathlessness or an asthma asthma
    Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory airway disease, characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm.
    attack when inhaling these substances.
  • Preparations of essential oils often contain ethanol which may irritate the lung mucosa if applied in higher concentrations. For alcohol addicts these preparations should be clearly avoided!

Nebulised essential oils should be used only after consultation with a physician.

What is a "Year Pack"?

The plastic in our Nebulisers is subject to a certain amount of wear caused by mechanical and thermal stresses. The area around the nebuliser nozzle is particularly susceptible. This can even alter the composition of the aerosol aerosol
An aerosol is a colloid of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
droplets, which directly impairs the effectiveness of the treatment. PARI GmbH therefore recommends that you replace certain components of your nebuliser, or the entire nebuliser, the connection tubing and the filter every year if the device is used regularly. To make this easier, we offer convenient PARI Year Packs
. These contain all of the individual parts that must be replaced once a year. It is also advisable to replace the nebuliser regularly for hygienical reasons.

What is the difference between the PARI LC SPRINT BABY and LC SPRINT Junior Nebulisers?

The LC SPRINT BABY Nebuliser generates an extremely fine aerosol aerosol
An aerosol is a colloid of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
. This nebuliser should therefore be used when it is necessary to deliver the aerosol aerosol
An aerosol is a colloid of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
as deeply as possible in a baby's tiny airways. The PARI LC SPRINT Junior Nebuliser, with the yellow nozzle attachment, creates an aerosol aerosol
An aerosol is a colloid of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
that is not quite as fine. So this nebuliser is very good for treating the central-intermediate regions of babies' and infants' lungs.

What medications can be nebulised?

Always ask your physician whether a given medication is suitable for inhalation. He or she knows your diagnosis and will perscribe the right medications and dosage you need. Your chemist can also answer some questions about your medications.

In general the following applies: given the enormous number of inhalation solutions that are available commercially for the treatment of various respiratory diseases, it is not possible to make any specific recommendations here. Your physician will make decisions regarding your treatment. The following are entirely unsuitable for inhalation with these devices: cough syrups, mouth rinses, balsam preparations or drops that are used as embrocations or with hot water as a "vapour bath". Essential oils or similar products are also unsuitable. Products of this kind are often sticky and viscous; they may impair the function of the device permanently (e. g. by clogging the nozzle). Moreover, many of these products contain essential oils, which can trigger an acute bronchial spasm (a sudden, involuntary constriction of the bronchial system accompanied by shortness of breath), similar to the effect of inhaling hypotonic solutions (e. g. distilled water).

What must I do if moisture condenses in the connection tubing?

Small amounts of condensation can form in the connection tubing as a result of air humidity and temperature fluctuations. After each nebulising session, you should always switch the compressor on again and blow the tube dry with the Nebuliser disconnected. The instructions for use contain a detailed description of this procedure.

What must I do if my nebuliser does not generate an aerosol any more?

This may be due to any of the following reasons:

  1. The nozzle insert in the nebuliser is missing

  2. Nozzle blocked (also possible with the LC SPRINT family). Check the nozzle first. If there are crystalline deposits (e.g. lime residue) in the nozzle, it may be possible to remove them simply by squeezing the flexible nozzle with your thumb (however, this only works with the LC SPRINT nozzle because it is flexible). For more stubborn blockage, it often helps to clean the nozzle again by boiling the nebuliser. This is also possible for cleaning the LC PLUS Nebuliser nozzle. With the PARI LL Nebuliser, you can also clean the nozzle gently with the nozzle cleaner supplied with it (in the nebuliser lower section). See instructions for use. Please note that the small holes must be poked through very carefully and only from the nozzle underside.

  3. The air-flow control on the PARI LL Nebuliser is not pushed up as far as it will go. Also check whether the air-flow control is attached to the nozzle securely. If it is not, press it firmly onto the nozzle and then try operating your nebuliser again.

  4. Not enough medication in the nebuliser. Make sure that the medication in the nebuliser reaches the fill mark. Minimum: 2ml, Maximum: 8ml.

Why does the mask have to cover the baby's mouth and nose?

This is the only way to ensure effective inhalation.

Why is it not permitted to attach rubber bands to the baby mask?

Since babies often move their heads vigorously, the mask might slip off even if it were attached with rubber bands. Nebulising with a silicone mask is intended solely for babies and infants, and they must be supervised constantly by an adult when inhaling. The nebuliser should be held in the hand and replaced tightly over the child's mouth and nose after every movement of the head.

Why is there always some inhalation solution left in my nebuliser?

Due to the technical design of the system, a certain residual volume is always remains in the nebuliser. Therefore, you should stop inhaling as soon as you hear a clear change in the sound the nebuliser makes (from a quiet hiss to bubbling) and the aerosol aerosol
An aerosol is a colloid of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
mist escapes from the nebuliser irregularly.

Why should the same nebuliser not be used by more than one person?

In the home, each family member should use his or her own nebuliser for hygienical reasons. In principle, PARI nebulisers could also be used by several patients. However, according to the hygiene regulations currently in force, this is not permitted unless the nebuliser can also be sterilised (e. g. standard practice in hospitals).

Will the accessories offered now fit my old PARI device?

The accessories offered fit all PARI BOY devices from as early as 1996.

Application VORTEX

Are the mouthpieces for the VORTEX also available separately?

Yes, they can be ordered through your chemist or healthcare supply store.

Can dry powder inhalers (DPI) also be inhaled with the VORTEX?

The VORTEX is a holding chamber for sprays respectively metered dose inhalers. A holding chamber is not needed for DPIs. In this case it is important that the patient is able to generate a sufficient inspiratory flow inspiratory flow
Indicate the volume inspired from the nebuliser, simulated during an in vitro analysis.
in order to inhale the respirable particles out of the device.

Do square or oval metered dose inhalers also fit on the VORTEX?

Generally, yes. The blue connecting ring has a flexible border that will in general fit the various shapes of the metered dose inhalers.

How can I tell when my child has breathed in all the medication?

For this, we recommend the following: babies younger than 18 months should inhale for 4 to 6 breaths, infants older than 18 months should inhale for 2 to 4 breaths. If the child is using a mask, please make sure that it fits tightly on the child's face.

How do I clean the child mask?

Children's masks can be cleaned with washing up liquid. They must not be cleaned in the dishwasher or disinfected in a vaporisator or with boiling water. For detailed instructions, please read the instructions for use.

How do I clean the VORTEX?

The VORTEX can be cleaned with washing up liquid, or it can also be washed in the dishwasher. In addition, it can be disinfected in a disinfector or with boiling water. For detailed instructions, please read the instructions for use.

How many breaths does it take to breathe in all the medication spray in the VORTEX?

That depends on the inspiratory volume. Since babies and infants have a smaller inspiratory volume, babies younger than 18 months should inhale for 4 to 6 breaths, and infants older than 18 months should inhale for 2 to 4 breaths. Children aged 6 and older, and adults, normally need to take only 1 breath.

How often should I clean the VORTEX?

The VORTEX should be cleaned regularly and immediately after the application if it becomes visibly dirty.

Is it possible to inhale several medications one after the other using the same VORTEX?

If your doctor has instructed you to inhale several different medications one after the other without interruption, you can use the same VORTEX for this. It is not necessary to clean the VORTEX between successive medications in an inhalation session.

Which mask is suitable for which age group?

The yellow children's mask can be used by infants up to about 2 years of age and the orange children's mask can be used by children aged 2 and older. Since inhalation is more efficient with a mouthpiece than with a mask, the child should be encouraged to inhale through the mouthpiece as soon as he or she is able to do so.

Warranty

How long is the warranty period?

This varies from model to model. Please also refer to our terms and conditions of warranty in the instructions for use. The nebulisers and accessories have a warranty period of 6 months.

Hygiene & Cleaning

Are PARI products latex-free?

All of our products are latex-free.

How can the PEAK FLOW METER be cleaned?

The mouthpiece of the PEAK FLOW METER can be cleaned with warm tap water and a little washing up liquid. It must not be cleaned in the dishwasher or boiling water.

How do I clean my equipment at home?

Because rinsing only cleans the nebuliser, microorganisms are only eliminated if the nebuliser is disinfected by boiling. Please read our instructions for use on this subject.

How often must the filter be replaced?

After 200 operating hours or at least once a year. You should check the filter for contamination regularly and replace it sooner if necessary. The instructions for use contain a detailed description of this procedure.

Which chemical disinfectants do you recommend for my PARI nebuliser?

In the home, nebulisers and accessories (not the tubing) should only be disinfected by boiling or using a steam disinfector. There is no recommendation for chemical disinfectants in this situation.

Why should the accessories be replaced regularly?

The nebuliser, tube and filter are wearing parts. To ensure that the quality of the therapy remains consistent, these parts should be replaced once a year. For this, PARI offers the convenient Year Packs.

Inhalation with PIF Control

You try to inhale – but the mouthpiece is "blocked"!

Has this ever happened to you? You try to inhale – but the mouthpiece is blocked! Do you have the feeling that you are not receiving any aerosol aerosol
An aerosol is a colloid of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
? This is not a fault in the nebuliser, it just shows that you have breathed in too quickly.

When you inhale using a nebuliser, it is much more effective to breathe in slowly than quickly, because this allows time for more of the active agent to penetrate deep into the lungs.

In order to provide the patient with information about his inspiratory flow inspiratory flow
Indicate the volume inspired from the nebuliser, simulated during an in vitro analysis.
, PARI developed the PIF Control (PIF = Peak Inspiratory Flow Inspiratory Flow
Indicate the volume inspired from the nebuliser, simulated during an in vitro analysis.
), which has been integrated in the following devices and nebulisers: 

  • PARI BOY SX
  • PARI BOY SX Year Packs
  • PARI LC SPRINT STAR Nebuliser

The PIF Control is a feedback system:

If the inspiratory flow inspiratory flow
Indicate the volume inspired from the nebuliser, simulated during an in vitro analysis.
rate rises above 25 l/min, the inspiratory valve all but closes, leaving only a very small opening and so indicating that the patient has breathed in too quickly. In this way, the user learns to breathe slowly and regularly, thereby not only optimising the effect of the medication, but also preventing the small bronchi from collapsing, which is one of the particular dangers of COPD COPD
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the name for a collection of lung diseases including chronic bronchitis, emphysema and chronic obstructive airways disease.
, for example.

If the valve does close, as you will notice due to the increased resistance when you breathe in, briefly stop inhaling, breathe gently for a moment, then start inhaling again, deeply and a little more slowly so that the valve remains open.

If you have any further questions, please contact the PARI Service Center by email or by phone: +49 8151 279-279.

Where are PARI products offered for sale?

Can I use the PARI BOY anywhere in the world?

PARI BOY devices can be operated wherever there is a supply voltage of 230V/ 50 Hz, for all other supply voltages, ONLY the PARI BOY mobile S is suitable (e.g. in the USA).

What is the difference between PARI JuniorBOY SX and TurboBOY SX?

The compressors for these two devices are identical in terms of output. The only difference between them is their colour. The difference between PARI JuniorBOY SX and TurboBOY SX is in their accessories and in the nebuliser type that is supplied with them. For example, the PARI JuniorBOY SX includes the LC SPRINT Junior Nebuliser (yellow nozzle insert). This delivers an even finer aerosol aerosol
An aerosol is a colloid of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.
, specially designed for the smaller airways of babies and infants. In addition, a baby mask and BABY Bend are included with this device, for use by small patients who cannot yet inhale through a mouthpiece. The PARI JuniorBOY SX is thus a device containing accessories particularly suitable for use in inhalation therapy by babies and infants. The PARI TurboBOY SX does not include a baby mask or BABY Bend. The PARI LC SPRINT Nebuliser (blue nozzle insert) included in the package, is ideal for an efficient inhalation therapy for older children and adults.

Where are PARI products offered for sale?

In Germany, in medical supply shops and any chemist. In Austria, through a dealer (orthopaedic technicians, orthopaedic equipment dealers, chemists).