COMMON COLD (RHINITIS)
Acute inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose, generally caused by viruses, resulting in swelling which makes it difficult or impossible to breathe through the nose.
Causes / trigger:
Viruses transmitted via droplet infection or indirect contact (handkerchiefs, shaking hands, etc.). In the course of the illness a secondary bacterial infection may occur.
Symptoms / signs / effects:
- Itchy nose, sneezing, nose feeling sore or obstructed, burning feeling in the nose
- Nose becoming increasingly blocked, culminating in a watery secretion from the nose
- "Red nose" and watering eyes
- With a bacterial infection: a green-yellow tinge to the mucus from the nose (which is now thicker and contains pus)
- Investigation of the patient's previous history and examination of the nose and pharynx.
- Medication designed to reduce the swelling of the mucous membrane
- Inhalation of NaCl, brine
- Nasal solutions
- Patients should take in plenty of fluids to make sure mucus remains watery
- With a bacterial secondary infection administration of antibiotics